Bee Types Assortment
Away from 2009 so you can 2018, 192 bee variety (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) had been caught inside the Calanques National Park through both net and you will pan pitfall selections. It belonged in order to half dozen family members and you may 38 genera. Megachilidae are probably the most varieties-steeped family relations, accompanied by Apidae and Halictidae, having 53, 44, and you will 43 variety, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 are brand new wealthiest genus, which have 33 types, whereas seven genera was in fact represented by the one types (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Dining table step 1 [on line just] ). Using the jackknife step one and you can 2 spiders, the bee varieties richness was estimated as anywhere between ± 9.89 and you may ± . The latest seen fullness thus represented 71.3 in order to 79.6% of estimated bee fullness ( Dining table dos). The new Chao1 strategy estimated new seen fullness getting 76.8% of your own prospective limit richness ( Desk dos). The absolute most numerous variety try Apis mellifera L. (276 some one), followed closely by Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and 168 people, respectively), and you can Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 anybody). Fundamentally, 50 varieties (26%) have been depicted because of the one private (singletons).
Environment Faculties from Bees
Concerning your ecological characteristics from nesting preferences, we identified 59 solitary bee variety nesting a lot more than crushed, 92 single bee kinds nesting underground and 23 cleptoparasitic varieties, corresponding to 31.eight, 47.9, and several.0% of total bee varieties richness, respectively. I identified five public types (bumble bees and you can honey bees-dos.1%). Ultimately, the latest nesting choices regarding 14 varieties will still be unfamiliar (seven.3%- Supp Dining table 1 [online only] ). About your flowery diet regarding bee kinds, i found that 105 variety (54.7%) foraged toward many plant kinds (i.elizabeth., generalist types, polylectic) and you will 51 species (twenty-six.5%) foraged on one bush family unit members or you to definitely/couples bush types (we.elizabeth., expert variety, oligolectic). For the left thirty six bee varieties (18.8%), the newest flowery diet plan was not understood (elizabeth.g., for cleptoparasitic varieties). But not, really generalist species showed a desires for just one otherwise a few plant parents ( Supp Table step 1 [on line merely] ). To the 44 singletons, 14 bee types (28%) was basically specialists, and 9 bee kinds (18%) was basically cleptoparasitic ( Supp Table step 1 [on the internet only] ) daddyhunt profiles.
An enthusiastic IUCN updates are designed for 178 types (leaving out the new types complexes and you may as yet not known species). One particular, 47 variety were classified once the investigation deficient (DD-26.4%), 124 varieties was in fact the very least concerned (LC-69.6%), six species were near endangered (NT-step three.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and another types is sensed threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table step 1 [on the internet just] ). About three oligolectic types have been among the 7 threatened bee types. A good. ovatula and you can C. albomaculatus is actually gurus on Fabaceae, D. argentata was a professional towards Caprifoliaceae.
Regarding 2009 so you’re able to 2018, 38 types of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was basically caught in Calanques Federal Playground. They belonged so you’re able to twenty four genera ( Supp Desk 2 [on the web just] ). Probably the most numerous genera was basically Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 somebody), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 some one), and you will Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville during the Latreille, 1828 (thirteen individuals), whereas 20 variety (53%) was represented of the only 1 personal ( Supp Desk 2 [online simply] ). The latest bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) were portrayed by the 20 kinds, and additionally five singletons (25%) ( Supp Desk 3 [on the internet simply] ). The estimate regarding total kinds richness off hover flies and you may bee flies is actually anywhere between 83 and you may 97 variety utilizing the jackknife step 1 and you will dos indexes, correspondingly. Consequently, the newest observed richness portrayed 59.8–69.9% of one’s projected hover travel and bee fly richness ( Table dos).